Water and Environmental Health

Presentation

The main aim of the research group is the development of technologies for identifying pollution and for the defence and conservation of the natural environmental, especially water resources, with a view to ensuring their sustainability and the health of the population, and in so doing, improving the quality of life and social well-being.

The specific aims are:

  1. Identification of chemical and microbiological pollutants in waters
  2. Development of new processes for water potabilization, purification and renewal
  3. Assessment of the role of aquatic ecosystems as a reservoir of resistance to antibiotics
  4. Optimization and development of technologies for the study of the molecular epidemiology of water-borne protozoa, and proposal for new treatments for the illnesses they cause
  5. Study of the influence of environmental factors in the health of the population and the effectiveness of self-care activities in managing this.

 

Lines of investigation

  1. Water quality control
  2. Water treatment: potabilization, purification and renewal for reuse
  3. Management and treatment of waste
  4. Advanced oxidation processes
  5. Identification of emerging pathogens
  6. Epidemiology of water-borne protozoa
  7. Identification of reservoirs of bacterial and protozoan resistance to antimicrobials (antibiotics and antiprotozoals)
  8. Proposal for new treatments for illnesses caused by water-borne microorganisms: mechanisms of action and resistance
  9. Self-care

 

Projects undertaken

  1. Quantitative analysis of pressures in the Ebro Basin. CHE 2015-2017
  2. Advanced processes of water disinfection using nanomaterials, to reduce the impact of urban pressures. Univ. Zaragoza 2018
  3. Solar energy in water treatment: study of bactericidal power. CUD 2018-2019
  4. Technologies of advanced oxidation applied to water disinfection and decontamination. Min. Edu., Cult. Dep. 2018
  5. Intestinal protozoal diseases and their influence on the development of food intolerances. Univ. Zaragoza 2018
  6. Innovative technologies for the diagnosis, prevention and elimination of emergent pollutants (antibiotics) from the waters of the POCTEFA region. U.E. 2018-2020
  7. Improvement in the sanitary quality of effluents from sewage treatment plants and urban waste dumps. NILSA 2014-2018
  8. Application of composting technologies in the treatment of organic waste for agronomic recycling. NILSA 2017-2018

 

Infrastructure

In EINA (School of Engineering and Architecture) and the Faculty of Medicine:

  • Two laboratories (approximately 50m2 each) equipped with the necessary infrastructure, material and equipment, as well as the associated safety measures, for the analysis of bacteria, parasites and protozoa. In concrete: autoclaves, laminar flow cabinets, incubators, filtration ramps, microscopes, P3 security laboratory, equipment for molecular biology. Location: EINA and Fac. Medicine.
  • A laboratory (approximately 100m2), with the infrastructure, material and equipment necessary for research related to the application of laboratory-scale treatment and the analytical control of physico-chemical parameters: sources of solar and UVA, UVB and UVC radiation, ozone generator, electrolysis system, flocculator, adsorption columns, activated sludge systems, multiparametric equipment, spectrophotometer, ionic chromatograph, total organic carbon analyser, electrometric apparatus, precision scales, filtration equipment, decantation equipment, shakers, etc. Location: EINA

Technological Offer/Services

  • Development of technologies for the treatment of waters polluted with dangerous substances, emergent pollutants and potentially pathogenic microorganisms
  • Identification of microorganisms in environmental and human matrices
  • Epidemiological studies of parasites using the techniques of molecular biology
  • Assessment of diagnostic techniques for intestinal parasitic diseases
  • Assessment of disinfectants and technologies aimed at the purification of waste waters of urban and industrial origin, and the potabilization of natural waters
DGA GROUP REFERENCE: T51_17R
YEAR OF CREATION: 2018
NUMBER OF THESES SUPERVISED: 28
NUMBER OF PUBLICATIONS: 95

Miembros

    Chief Investigator:

    Mª Pilar Goñi Cepero

    pgoni@unizar.es